Here is an article I wrote for School Library Journal on the topic.
My main takeaways for students:
1. Read laterally...this means that when you read something you're not sure about, you should Google the information and see if you can find it from other sources, as well. You can also Google the organization to see what others say about it and if it is biased.
2. Analyze sources using I'MVAIN (see me for a handout on this)
The IMVAIN analysis weighs the following factors:
- Is the material Independent or self-interested?
- Does it have Multiple sources or only one?
- Does it Verify, or assert?
- Is it Authoritative/Informed vs. uninformed?
- Are sources Named or unnamed?
3. Triple check before you share an article online (see the video below for more)